THE AUSTRALIAN JOURNAL OF ADVANCED NURSING

VOLUME 25 NUMBER 3

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Editorial

Jill Iliffe

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Guest Editorial
Reflections on nursing

Desley Hegney

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The impact of shift work on people’s daily health habits and adverse health outcomes
The aim of this paper was to review the published scientific literature for studies analysing the association between shift work and people’s daily health habits (as measured by diet, exercise, smoking or alcohol consumption) and adverse health outcomes such as obesity.

Keywords: shift work, diet, BMI, smoking, exercise, alcohol

Isabella Zhao, RN, BN (Hons), School of Nursing, The University of Queensland, Australia.
Catherine Turner, RN, BA, Grad Dip Ed, MN, PhD, Associate Professor, School of Nursing, The University of Queensland, Australia. catherine.turner@uq.edu.au

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Nurses’ confidence and experience in using information technology
In order to support policy planning for health, nurses in Australia were surveyed to determine their current use of information technology and barriers to that use.

Key words: nurses, information technology, computers, Australia

Robert Eley, BSc(Hons), MSc, PhD, CBiol. Senior Research Fellow, Centre for Rural and Remote Area Health, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, QLD Australia. eleyr@usq.edu.au.
Tony Fallon, BSc(Hons), PhD. Research Fellow, Senior Research Fellow, Mapping Aboriginal health: partnerships for evidence-policy transfer (MAHPET) Project, Northern Rivers University Department of Rural Health, Lismore, NSW Australia.
Jeffrey Soar, MEd, PhD. Director, Collaboration for Ageing and Aged Care Informatics Research, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia.
Elizabeth Buikstra, BSc(Hons), PhD. State-wide Project Officer, Centre for Rural and Remote Mental Health Queensland, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.
Desley Hegney, BA, PhD, DNE, RN, FRCNA, FCN. Professor of Nursing, Research and Practice Development Centre, University of Queensland and Blue Care, Toowong, Queensland, Australia.

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Systems of early detection in Australian communities: the use of a developmental concern questionnaire to link services
The objective of this study was to establish the Parents’ Evaluation of Development Status (PEDS) questionnaire as an acceptable and feasible communication and developmental screening tool to use with parents and providers of maternal and child health centres, childcare centres, preschools and primary schools.

Key words: PEDS, parents, communication, screening, prevention

Marcia F. Armstrong, RN, RM, MCHN, BNurs, PGradDipNursEd, PGradDipAdNursPaedICU, MHealthMg, International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC), Maternal and Child Health Nurse Coordinator, City of Wodonga, Victoria, Australia. marmstrong@wodonga.vic.gov.au
Sharon Goldfeld,MBBS, FRACP, GradDipEpiBio, PhD, Paediatrician and Senior Fellow, Centre for Community Child Health, Murdoch Children’s Research Institute, Royal Children’s Hospital, Parkville, Victoria, Australia.

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Managing labour pain safely
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of sterile water injections to relieve lower back pain during labour. This paper discusses the findings from a study of women at two Victorian hospitals (Australia) who used sterile water injections as a method of pain relief during labour.

Key words: sterile water, labour pain, back pain, midwifery

Kerry Peart, Midwife, PhD, MBioethics, Lecturer, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia. kerry.peart@deakin.edu.au

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Validity for the Critical Patients Severity Classification System developed by the Korean Clinical Nurse Association
This study aimed to evaluate whether the Critical Patient Severity Classification System (CPSCS) can be effectively used to predict mortality, functional disability, and cognitive ability of brain injury patients at 1 month and 6 months after admission to an intensive care unit.

Key words: severity classification; prediction; traumatic brain injury

HyunSoo Oh, RN, PhD, Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Inha University, YongHyun Dong, Republic of Korea.
WhaSook Seo, RN, PhD, Professor, Department of Nursing, College of Medicine, Inha University, YongHyun Dong, Republic of Korea. wschang@inha.ac.kr

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Ageing and HIV disease- a client’s perspective
The aim of this study was to ascertain the perspective of HIV positive clients’ on issues regarding ageing and to establish strategies to improve health outcomes for this population.

Key words: ageing, HIV and AIDS, HAART, support services

Denise Cummins, RN, MPH, Cert IV in Assessment and Workplace Training, GradCert Community Health Nursing, Cert Palliative Care Nursing, Cert HIV Infection and Disease Nursing, Cert Oncological Nursing. Clinical Nurse Consultant HIV Disease, Central Sydney Community Nursing Service, Sydney South West Area Health Service, Redfern Community Health Centre, Redfern, NSW, Australia. cumminsd@email.cs.nsw.gov.au
Gary Trotter, Dip Health Science, Clinical Nurse Consultant HIV Disease, Royal Prince Alfred Hospital, Camperdown, NSW, Australia.

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Fear of death and putting ‘life on hold’ when one’s spouse is hospitalised in a non-local tertiary centre
The objective of this PhD study was to explore the experiences of those whose partner was hospitalised in a non-local tertiary setting.

Keywords: health professionals, hermeneutic phenomenology, semi-structured interviews, non-local tertiary care, acute care

Christine Mercer, RN, BA(Soc.Sci), MEd(Hons), PhD, FCNA(NZ)
Research Coordinator, Waiariki Institute of Technology, Rotorua, New Zealand. Christine.Mercer@waiariki.ac.nz
Cheryl Benn, RN (Comprehensive) RM, B.Soc.Sc.Hons, Magister Curationis (Midwifery), Doctor Curationis (Midwifery), International Board Certified Lactation Consultant (IBCLC), Associate Professor and Director of Midwifery Programs, School of Health Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
Karen McBride-Henry, RN, BScN (Hons), GDipCFHP, MN, PhD
Research Fellow, Clinical Effectiveness Unit, Capital and Coast District Health Board and Graduate School of Nursing, Midwifery and Health, Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington South, New Zealand.

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Mental health workers’ attitudes toward mental illness in Fiji
The aim of the study was to survey mental health workers’ attitudes toward mental illness in Fiji as a means of understanding the attitudes of these staff.

Key words: attitudes, mental health, mental illness, mental health workers, Fiji

Kim Foster, PhD, MA, BN, DipAppSc (Nursing), RN, RPN, Senior Lecturer, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Nutrition, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia. kim.foster@jcu.edu.au
Kim Usher, PhD, MNursSt, BA, DNE, DHS, RN (Endorsed Psychiatric), Professor, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Nutrition, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia.
John A Baker, PhD, MPhil, MSc, BNurs(Hons), RN, CPN, Lecturer, School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Work, The University of Manchester, United Kingdom.
Sainimere Gadai, RN, DipN, BNSc, MNSt, Nursing Tutor, Fiji School of Nursing, Suva, Fiji.
Samsun Ali, RN, DipN, Senior Nurse, St Giles Hospital, Suva, Fiji.

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Nursing care model for children victims of violence
Evidence exists that child abuse has occurred throughout human history however the magnitude of the increased incidence of violence toward children, as well as its complexity, deserves reflection and consideration.

Keywords: violence, institutionalisation, nursing, care model, children, therapeutic play

Patrícia Kuerten Rocha, RN, PhD student, Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brasil; Specialist in Paediatric Intensive Therapy from the Federal University of São Paulo, Brasil; Substitute Professor for the Nursing Department of UFSC; CNPq Scholar, Av Buriti, 620, Bl B, Apto 508, Parque São Jorge, Centro, Florianópolis, SC, Brasil. pkrochaucip@yahoo.com.br
Marta Lenise do Prado, RN, Doctor of Nursing Philosophy, Faculty of the Post Graduate Program of the Nursing Department at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brasil.
Telma Elisa Carraro, RN, Doctor of Nursing Philosophy, Faculty of the Post‑Graduate Program of the Nursing Department at the Federal University of Santa Catarina (UFSC), Brasil.

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The effectiveness of clinical supervision in nursing: an evidenced based literature review
Clinical supervision (CS) is attracting attention in the Australian nursing context with efforts underway to embed CS into mental health settings and to extend it to the general nursing population. The purpose of this paper is to review the available evidence regarding the effectiveness of CS in nursing practice in order to inform these efforts.

Key words: Clinical supervision, nursing, occupational stress, colleague support

Scott Brunero, RN, DipApSc, BHSc, M.Nurs (Nurse Practitioner), Clinical Nurse Consultant, Liaison Mental Health Nursing, Prince of Wales Hospital, Nursing Education Research Unit (NERU), Edmund Blackett Building, Sydney, NSW, Australia. bruneros@sesiahs.health.nsw.gov.au
Jane Stein-Parbury, RN, MEd, PhD, FRCNA, Professor of Mental Health Nursing, South Eastern Sydney and Illawarra Area Health Service and University of Technology, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

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The experiences, challenges and rewards of nurses from South Asia in the process of entering the Australian nursing system
This study aims to explore the experiences, challenges and rewards of a group of nurses qualified in other countries in their journey through interview, selection, arrival, registration and integration within the Australian nursing system.

Helen Walters, CPN, BPN, GRDIP (Psychiatric Nursing), M Hlth Sci (Mental Health), Nurse Unit ManagerSecure Extended Care Unit, Austin Health, Melbourne, Australia. Helen.WALTERS@austin.org.au.

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When parents refuse a sick teenager the right to give informed consent: the nurse’s role
The objective of the study was to outline the case for child patients who are minors to be allowed to participate in the medical decision-making process and make significant choices.

Keywords: informed consent, best interest, children’s rights, parents’ rights, nursing roles

Nili Tabak, PhD, LLB, RN, Head, Department of Nursing and of Ethics and Law Unit, School of Health Professions, Tel-Aviv University, Israel. ntabak@post.tau.ac.il
Miriam Rozen Zvi, MA, RN, Head, Oncology Department, Dana Hospital, Tel Aviv, Israel.

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